Comprehensive English Verb List

English Verb List

There are many English verbs and they are used in different forms in the 12 different tenses in English. This post contains a comprehensive list of the regular and irregular verbs in the English language.

List of English Verbs

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The present tense of irregular verbs in English is the same as the infinitive form.

For the past tense of these verbs, you have to look at the second column of the below tables.

Here is an example to help you understand what I mean.

If you look at the below picture you can see that the past tense for teach is taught:

teach - taught - taught

Similarly, you can find the past tense for choose, eat, lead, lay, play or any of the other regular and irregular English verbs.

Irregular Verbs in English

Irregular verbs are verbs that don’t change by adding an -ed to the end of the word. They also do not follow a pattern and you simply have to learn them.

Infinitive FormPast Tense of Irregular Verbs in EnglishPast Participle of Irregular Verbs in English
awakeawokeawoken
bewas/werebeen
beatbeatbeaten
becomebecamebecome
beginbeganbegun
bendbentbent
betbetbet
bidbidbid
bitebitbitten
blowblewblown
breakbrokebroken
bringbroughtbrought
broadcastbroadcastbroadcast
buildbuiltbuilt
burnburnedburnt
buyboughtbought
catchcaughtcaught
choosechosechosen
comecamecome
costcostcost
cutcutcut
digdugdug
dodiddone
drawdrewdrawn
drivedrovedriven
drinkdrankdrunk
eatateeaten
fallfellfallen
feelfeltfelt
fightfoughtfought
findfoundfound
flyflewflown
forgetforgotforgotten
forgiveforgaveforgiven
freezefrozefrozen
getgotgotten
givegavegiven
gowentgone
growgrewgrown
hanghunghung
havehadhad
hearheardheard
hidehidhidden
hithithit
holdheldheld
hurthurthurt
keepkeptkept
knowknewknown
laylaidlaid
leadledled
leaveleftleft
lendlentlent
letletlet
lielaylain
loselostlost
makemademade
meanmeantmeant
meetmetmet
paypaidpaid
putputput
readreadread
rideroderidden
ringrangrung
riseroserisen
runranrun
saysaidsaid
seesawseen
sellsoldsold
sendsentsent
showshowedshowed/shown
shutshutshut
singsangsung
sitsatsat
sleepsleptslept
speakspokespoken
spendspentspent
standstoodstood
swimswamswum
taketooktaken
teachtaughttaught
teartoretorn
telltoldtold
thinkthoughtthought
throwthrewthrown
understandunderstoodunderstood
wakewokewoken
wearworeworn
winwonwon
writewrotewritten

English Regular Verbs

Regular verbs in English change by adding an “-ed” to the end of the verb in the past tense form as well as the past participle.

The spelling of Verbs Ending on -ed

  1. If the verb ends on a consonant + -e you just add a -d: smile – smiled
  2. For a verb ending on one vowel + -a consonant (not x) you double the consonant and add -ed: rub – rubbed
  3. With a verb ending on one vowel + -x you just add -ed: fix – fixed
  4. If a verb ends on two vowels + one consonant you just add -ed: beam – beamed
  5. With verbs ending on two consonants just add a -d: afford – afforded
  6. For verbs ending on a consonant + -y, the -y changes to -i and you add -ed: cry – cries
  7. If a verb ends on a vowel + -y, just add -ed. Don’t change the -y to -i: enjoy – enjoys

A-E

Infinitive FormPast Participle and Past Tense of Regular Verbs in English
acceptaccepted
addadded
admireadmired
admitadmitted
adviseadvised
affordafforded
agreeagreed
alertalerted
allowallowed
amuseamused
announceannounced
annoyannoyed
answeranswered
applaudapplauded
appreciateappreciated
approveapproved
arrivearrived
askasked
attemptattempted
attendattended
avoidavoided
bakebaked
bangbanged
batbatted
bathebathed
battlebattled
beambeamed
begbegged
behavebehaved
belongbelonged
bleachbleached
blindblinded
blinkblinked
blotblotted
blushblushed
boastboasted
boilboiled
boltbolted
bombbombed
bookbooked
borebored
bouncebounced
brakebraked
branchbranched
burnburned
buzzbuzzed
calculatecalculated
callcalled
campcamped
carrycarried
carvecarved
chokechoked
collectcollected
commandcommanded
communicatecommunicated
comparecompared
competecompeted
complaincomplained
concentrateconcentrated
confessconfessed
confuseconfused
connectconnected
considerconsidered
consistconsisted
containcontained
continuecontinued
coughcoughed
countcounted
covercovered
crashcrashed
crawlcrawled
crosscrossed
curlcurled
curvecurved
damagedamaged
delaydelayed
delightdelighted
deliverdelivered
dependdepended
describedescribed
desertdeserted
deservedeserved
destroydestroyed
developdeveloped
disagreedisagreed
disappeardisappeared
discoverdiscovered
dislikedisliked
dividedivided
doubledoubled
doubtdoubted
dragdragged
draindrained
dreamdreamed
dressdressed
dripdripped
dropdropped
earnearned
educateeducated
employemployed
endended
enjoyenjoyed
entertainentertained
escapeescaped
examineexamined
excuseexcused
explainexplained
explodeexploded
extendextended

F-R

Infinitive FormPast Participle and Past Tense of Regular Verbs in English
facefaced
fadefaded
failfailed
fearfeared
fetchfetched
fixfixed
flashflashed
flapflapped
floodflooded
foldfolded
flowerflowered
foolfooled
forceforced
formformed
foundfounded
frameframed
frightenfrightened
gathergathered
gazegazed
glueglued
grabgrabbed
grategrated
greasegreased
gringrinned
gripgripped
groangroaned
guardguarded
guessguessed
guideguided
hammerhammered
handhanded
handlehandled
happenhappened
harmharmed
heatheated
helphelped
hughugged
humhummed
hunthunted
ignoreignored
imagineimagined
impressimpressed
improveimproved
includeincluded
increaseincreased
influenceinfluenced
informinformed
instructinstructed
intendintended
interestinterested
inventinvented
irritateirritated
jogjogged
joinjoined
jokejoked
judgejudged
jugglejuggled
jumpjumped
kickkicked
kisskissed
loveloved
managemanaged
marchmarched
markmarked
matchmatched
measuremeasured
meddlemeddled
meltmelted
mendmended
minemined
missmissed
mixmixed
movemoved
muddlemuddled
nailnailed
namenamed
needneeded
nestnested
nodnodded
noticenoticed
numbernumbered
objectobjected
observeobserved
obtainobtained
occuroccurred
offendoffended
offeroffered
openopened
oweowed
ownowned
packpacked
passpassed
peeppeeped
performperformed
permitpermitted
phonephoned
pinepined
placeplaced
planplanned
plantplanted
playplayed
pleasepleased
plugplugged
pointpointed
pokepoked
polishpolished
poppopped
prayprayed
preachpreached
precedepreceded
presspressed
pretendpretended
preventprevented
prickpricked
printprinted

S-Z

Infinitive FormPast Participle and Past Tense of Regular Verbs in English
smokesmoked
snatchsnatched
sneezesneezed
sniffsniffed
snoresnored
snowsnowed
soothesoothed
soundsounded
spellspelled
spillspilled
spoilspoiled
spraysprayed
sproutsprouted
squeezesqueezed
stainstained
stampstamped
starestared
startstarted
staystayed
steersteered
stepstepped
stirstirred
snitchsnitched
squeezesqueezed
stopstopped
storestored
strapstrapped
strokestroked
stuffstuffed
subtractsubtracted
sucksucked
suffersuffered
suitsuited
supportsupported
surprisesurprised
surroundsurrounded
suspectsuspected
suspendsuspended
switchswitched
talktalked
tametamed
taptapped
telephonetelephoned
tempttempted
testtested
thankthanked
thawthawed
tickticked
tickletickled
tietied
timetimed
tiptipped
touchtouched
tourtoured
towtowed
tracetraced
tradetraded
traintrained
transporttransported
traptrapped
traveltraveled
treattreated
trembletremble
tricktricked
triptripped
p trottrotted
troubletroubled
trusttrusted
tugtugged
tumbletumbled
turnturned
twisttwisted
typetyped
undressundressed
unfastenunfastened
uniteunited
unpackunpacked
useused
vanishvanished
visitvisited
wailwailed
waitwaited
walkwalked
wanderwandered
wastewasted
watchwatched
waterwatered
whinewhined
wavewaved
whipwhipped
whirlwhirled
wipewiped
wishwished
wobblewobbled
wonderwondered
workworked
worryworried
wrapwrapped
wreckwrecked
wrestlewrestled
yawnyawned
yellyelled
zipzipped
zoomzoomed

Modal Verbs in English

In English modal verbs work a bit different than the above regular and irregular verbs. However, that is beyond the scope of this post. Refer to this post on modal verbs in English.

Conclusion

Don’t be discouraged by the long list. Most of the verbs in English just change by adding -ed in the past tense form and the past participle. Learn the irregular verbs and remember that all the others just get an -ed at the ed. With time you will start to use the correct forms without even trying.

xoxo,
Charlé

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