German Tips & Tricks

German Present Tense

I suppose Germans like to seize the present since they use the present tense so much? Ok, do not take my word for that! Yet it is true that the present tense is used a lot in German, especially in spoken German.

Before I go on, if have not yet read my post on basic sentence structure or have no clue on how to formulate basic sentences in German… I shall be right here waiting for you – well, this post will be – while you read that post!

The SV(O) Method

You will still use the general SV(O) formula in the present tense.

The Subject

The subject can be whatever you choose. I will use Der Vogel (the bird) for this example.

The Verb

Next pick your verb! Let’s say the bird eats. That means that we ought to conjugate the verb fressen (to eat – the one used for animals).

A bird is third person singular and thus we will add -t to the stem of the verb. (The stem of the verb is the infinitive form of the verb with the -en cut off.) In the case of fressen we will then use fress-. Yet here it is important to note that fressen is one of the verbs that undergoes a stem change in the present tense. (Ob du verstehst nur Bahnhoff – if you do not understand what I am saying -, it might be a good idea to check out my post on verbs where I explain all of these. I also explain verb conjugation in more depth over there.) Fress– will become friss-. Now simply stick the -t on there and your verb is conjugated.

With your glue out you can now also stick the subject and verb to one another.

Der Vogel frisst.

The Object

Der Vogel frisst is a full sentence, but if you want you can stick an object to the end as well. Let’s use der Wurm (the worm).

Der Wurm will be in the accusative case (see my post on cases) and therefore it won’t be der Wurm, but rather den Wurm (see my post on articles).

The final result will be:

Der Vogel frisst den Wurm.

That is it for today my dear readers. Tschüss (goodbye).

XOXO

Charlé

3 comments

  1. Nice post. I learn something more challenging on different blogs everyday. It will always be stimulating to read content from other writers and practice a little something from their store. I’d prefer to use some with the content on my blog whether you don’t mind. Natually I’ll give you a link on your web blog. Thanks for sharing.

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