“What’s Past Participle?”: Question Answered

When you are learning English you get to do with what feels like a million tenses. That alone is really confusing, but then they try to explain it with words like “past participle” and infinitive. In this article, I want to explain what’s the past participle.

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What is the Past Participle

Basically it is one of the forms that a verb can be in. When we learn verbs, we learn three forms of them. Here are some examples:

InfinitivePast TensePast Participle
to eatateeaten
to brushbrushedbrushed
to drinkdrankdrunk

There are two ways in which we use it. First for adjectives, but also for some tenses.

Tenses Using It

We use this form of a verb in the following tenses:

  1. Present Perfect
  2. Past Perfect
  3. Future Perfect
  4. Third Conditional

We also use it when we talk in the passive voice.

Using the Past Participle as an Adjective

Adjectives are words we use to describe people and things (nouns). Here are some examples of when it can be used as an adjective:

Mary is excited for the concert.

Ann was surprised when her brother came to visit her.

We were tired after going for a run.

Forming It

Regular Verbs

Forming the past participle of regular verbs is easy; you just add “-ed” to the end of the verb. For example:

InfinitivePast TensePast Participle
to brushbrushedbrushed
to cleancleanedcleaned
to enjoyenjoyedenjoyed

Irregular Verbs

Irregular verbs are verbs that do not change based on a rule. This, unfortunately, means that you would have to memorise these verbs. Luckily, I have a comprehensive list of English verbs to help you with this. However, here are a few examples of these verbs:

InfinitivePast TensePast Participle
to eatateeaten
to drinkdrankdrunk
to runranrun


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